Europe Affected by Listeria from Frozen Vegetables

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Frozen corn and possibly other frozen vegetables are the likely source of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes that has been affecting Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom since 2015, according to the European Food Standards Agency (EFFSA).

More frozen vegetable products have been recalled from UK supermarket shelves due to concerns they may be contaminated with listeria.

Aldi, Lidl, Iceland, Sainsbury’s, Tesco and Waitrose recalled a variety of frozen veg products last week because they could contain the bacteria Listeria monocytogenes, which can cause listeriosis. The recall followed a warning from the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA) over products distributed by Greenyard Frozen, a Belgium-based supplier, according to the Independent.

In addition to the list of more than 40 items initially recalled, Lidl’s Green Grocers Carrots, Broccoli & Sweetcorn, Baby Carrots, Peas, Green Beans & Sweetcorn and Green Grocers Golden Vegetable Rice have been added to the list.

The FSA warned that the product could be contaminated, and advised anyone who has purchased the item to return it to the store where it was bought for a full refund.

According to the FSA, the symptoms caused by Listeria monocytogenes “can be similar to flu and include high temperature, muscle ache or pain, chills, feeling or being sick and diarrhea”.

Experts used whole genome sequencing to identify the food source, which initially was thought to be limited to frozen corn. As of 15 June 2018, 47 cases including nine deaths had been reported.

The same strains of L. monocytogenes have been detected in frozen vegetables produced by the same Hungarian company in 2016, 2017 and 2018. This suggests that the strains have persisted in the processing plant despite the cleaning and disinfection procedures that were carried out.

The available information confirms the contamination at the Hungarian plant. However, further investigations, including thorough sampling and testing, are needed to identify the exact points of environmental contamination at the Hungarian plant. The same recommendation applies to other companies belonging to the same commercial group if environmental contamination is detected.

On 29 June 2018, the Hungarian Food Chain Safety Office banned the marketing of all frozen vegetable and frozen mixed vegetable products produced by the affected plant between August 2016 and June 2018, and ordered their immediate withdrawal and recall. This last measure is likely to significantly reduce the risk of human infections and contain the outbreak. All freezing activity at the plant has been stopped.

New cases could still emerge due to the long incubation period of listeriosis (up to 70 days); the long shelf-life of frozen corn products; and the consumption of frozen corn bought before the recalls and eaten without being cooked properly.

To reduce the risk of infection, consumers should thoroughly cook non ready-to-eat frozen vegetables, even though these products are commonly consumed without cooking (e.g. in salads and smoothies). This applies especially to consumers at highest risk of contracting listeriosis – such as the elderly, pregnant women, new-borns and adults with weakened immune systems.

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